Baltic Sea Ice Climate workshops
The history of the workshops started with the first Baltic Sea Ice Climate Workshop, held in Tvärminne, Finland in 1993. The motivation was to collect sea ice scientists around the Baltic Sea together to exchange data, information and results, to start up a data base for sea ice modelling needs in the Baltic Sea. This workshop then grew into series at three-year time interval, the number of participants being in the range 20 - 40. The workshops review research results related to the Baltic Sea ice in past, present and future climate conditions and built a link to other seasonally ice covered regions in the world. The presentations addressed topics such as lake ice optics, sea ice remote sensing, ice dynamics, sea ice climate variations addressing several centuries, sea ice-snow interactions, sea ice microstructure and brine release, numerical modelling of sea ice and different aspects of sea ice related biology.
In 2021 HELCOM published the Baltic Sea Climate Change Fact Sheet which also included information about past and expected future changes of sea ice in the Baltic.